Infrastructure tops the list of fundamental factors that force investors not only to invest in Nairobi, but also to live there. In addition, the infrastructure may be associated with an increase in the city’s population, as it is developed and complex enough to meet all the infrastructure needs of Nairobi. Nevertheless, Nairobi’s infrastructure has faced a significant number of challenges.
Infrastructure is, above all, a force in Nairobi to retain and attract existing and potential investors, respectively. Thanks to the efforts and dedication of the previous Kibaki Government, Nairobi’s infrastructure has slowly but gradually transformed into an infrastructure that meets international standards.
Although the infrastructure here is not yet comparable to the infrastructure of major cities in the world, such as New York, it is on the right track with multimillion-dollar infrastructure projects such as Thika Superhighway, the construction of Greenfield Terminal. In JKIA and Consa City et al.
Water is a source of economic and human development and strengthens its position as a factor of production, as it plays a key role in supplying the city of Nairobi in terms of agriculture and increasing production in the manufacturing and construction industries located here.
First, water improves the quality of life in Nairobi compared to much of the rest of Kenya.
However, the demand for water exceeds supply by more than 370,000 m3 per day, and only 40% of residents have daily access to water. In fact, only 22 per cent of people living in informal settlements (where 60 per cent of Nairobi residents live) have access to tap water.
Nairobi’s water and sewerage company, which reports to the Ministry of Water Resources, is responsible for water supply and distribution, among other water-related issues in Nairobi.
The water used in Nairobi is pumped from the sources of Kiyuku, the Ndakaini Dam, the Sasumua and Ruiru dams.
Most of the urban poor buy water from drinking kiosks to meet their water needs, of which 3% serve public taps.
Nairobi’s water and sewerage system covers only 40 per cent of the population.
The upper class of the population, which makes up 10% of Nairobi’s population, uses 30% of household water.
Low-income people, who make up 64% of the urban population, use 35%
Efforts are under way to reduce water and waste losses through the use of rain toilets, wastewater filtration and the use of vacuum toilets that replace flush toilets.
Nairobi is believed to have better electricity than the rest of the country; but in general it is of poor quality and is characterized by frequent power outages and constant use of alternative sources (e.g. generators, burners, solar panels and lamps).
Kenya Power and Lighting Company is responsible for all electricity issues in Nairobi and Kenya as a whole.
Energy consumption in Nairobi is fairly stable, with the exception of July (the coldest month), when demand is increasing by more than 13%.
The average energy consumption of each family in Nairobi is more than 200 kWh per month.
Nairobi uses 50% of the country’s electricity every year.
Seventy-two per cent of households in Nairobi have access to electricity, although most use alternative sources of energy, such as kerosene and charcoal, for cooking.
Sanitation and garbage disposal
Sanitary conditions in the disadvantaged socio-economic areas of Nairobi are relatively poor, often characterized by wet roadsides clogged with sewer lines and open or broken sewer lines/drains.
Most of the urban poor use latrines with cesspools (often in poor condition and in poor condition).
The Nairobi City Council is overloaded with the amount of garbage to collect because the network is limited to several districts.
Only a few private garbage disposal companies operate in medium- and high-income residential complexes.
There are water treatment plants in the Ruai area of Nairobi with a large landfill.